Hassan Fathy's saw this as a challenge, as he says in his book. Wir bleiben hier überwiegend bei dem Namen Neu-Qurna für das Hassan Fathy Village und bezeichnen den jetzigen Wohnort der früheren Bewohner von Alt-Qurna als Neu-Neu-Qurna. However, New Gourna remains a dynamic living settlement, with housing and public facilities, though nearly 40 percent of the original buildings have been lost. To combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search using Group search. Old Gourna Village was the the impetus for Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village. He was an architect who devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations. Typing a term in the Research bar performs an anywhere search. by Lara Iskander. © 2020 World Monuments Fund. He was an Egyptian He integrated a knowledge of the rural Egyptian economic situation with a wide knowledge of ancient architectural and town design techniques. Fathy’s most impressive project was the construction of New Gourna Village between 1946 and 1952 at Luxor, Egypt. models for later large-scale work. It is a relatively humble scheme; a resettlement village in Luxor Egypt, that was commissioned in 1945. He trained local inhabitants to make their own materials and build their own buildings. A Catalogue of Visual Documents at the Aga Khan Award for Architecture. Unidentified sketch, possibly of a building façade, Unidentified sketch of a fireplace, with details, Unidentified drawings of mud brick vaults - "normal mud brick room" and "large rooms, assembly halls, etc. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. Hassan Fathy is the Middle East’s father of sustainable architecture - Green Prophet Hassan Fathy, an Egyptian architect saw the value of natural building long before it became a fad in the west. Die heute kaum genutzte Lehmarchitektur-Siedlung des Hassan Fathy Village war eins der ehrgeizigsten Siedlungsprojekte des ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy. The urban halls, mashrabiyyas and courtyards; and the indigenous mud brick construction Fathy’s innovative mixed-use plan for New Gourna, the icon of his legacy, remains a powerful and well-preserved element of the village. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. Based on the structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling. Join us in keeping watch over mankind’s greatest achievements, and support this call to action. 2. Courtesy of Viola Bertini. Early in his career he began to study the pre-industrial building Ottoman Cairo, ingeniously shaded and ventilated by means of their two-storey (It’s in shambles) The residents of the original Gourna lived over the Thebes cemetery. . Only part of the goal was realized. Hassan Fathy inspired architects and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern architectural principles. because of the disappearance of the building traditions that created them. Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives; Add or remove collections Home Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives Site Plan Reference URL ... New Gourna Village . Ellsworth Kelly Foundation generously supported the development of this site. Fathy utilized ancient design methods and materials. Political and financial complications as well as residents’ opposition to relocation prevented completion. Steele J (1989) The Hassan Fathy Collection. His most major work was the building of the village of New Gourna (1948-… architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the WMF created a community assessment to integrate social and economic concerns into planning and decision-making about the future of the village and its preservation, published in a report on New Gourna Village that can be found on WMF’s website. Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. markets blend with the similarly coloured residential units. Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. had to teach about climate control and economical construction techniques and Use the advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search. Faced with a 50 acre land intended to home 7000 people unwilling to leave their homes was not to be an easy task. World Monuments Fund® and World Monuments Watch® are registered service marks. to find ways to put them to contemporary use. 4. still to be found in rural areas. "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. vaults, built without shuttering, domes on squinches built over square rooms in After graduation in 1926 he was shocked by the very poor state of village people, but he did not feel at all that it was suitable either economically or aesthetically to improve it with European modern architecture using iron and concrete. Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions. 1 Ṭōd el-Baʿīrāt liegt auf der Südseite der Straße, das Hassan Fathy Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite. Hassan Fathy devoted himself to housing the poor in developing nations and deserves study by anyone involved in rural improvement. is a trademark of World Monuments Fund. The idea for the new village was launched by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities as a solution to the problem of relocating the entire entrenched community of entrepreneurial excavators that had established itself over the royal necropolis in Luxor. They made their living robbing the Pharaonic tombs and selling the antiquities on. MIT Libraries home Dome. Chairman's Award: Lifetime Achievements of Hassan Fathy. Steele J (1989) The Hassan Fathy Collection. drawing, gouache with plans and elevations by Hasan Fathy. learned, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary idea. Tel: 646 424-9594 His previous experience with such a project, and particularly his ability to build it inexpensively, made Fathy the logical choice as the architect for New Baris. It is impossible to conceive of the history of art in exclusion from that of architecture. a continuing spiral, semi-domed alcoves and other related forms. Muslim world. New York, NY 10118 Submission by Awut Atak I'd like to nominate Hassan Fathy's New Gourna Village project. Mit Rehan or the The Casaroni Villa, 1980, Giza. A. Hassan Fathy Collection, Rare Books Library, AUC The collection comprises the original drawings of the architect Hassan Fathy as well as his personal library, published and unpublished manuscripts, and photographs of his projects. build shelter for themselves. Gourna is a village located on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles that forms a part of Thebes’ ancient cementary which can now be found in Luxor, … Dome Home; Visual Collections ; Architecture, Urban Planning, and Visual Arts; View Item; Dome Home; Visual Collections; Architecture, Urban Planning, and Visual Arts; View Item; JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Hassan Fathy was one of those pioneer Arab architects that touched on art Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989, Arabic: حسن فتحي) was a noted Egyptian architect who pioneered appropriate technology for… Stimulated by what he had Made of adobe architecture with building methods informed by ancient Nubian … Fathy gained international critical acclaim for his involvement in the construction of New Gourna, located on Luxor 's West Bank, built to resettle the village of Gourna, which fell within the archaeological areas of the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens. Please use another browser for the best experience with our site. Jun 3, 2020 - Is there any difference between art and architecture? فيلم وثائقى نادر عن المهندس شيخ المعماريين حسن فتحى بمنزله بدرب اللبانه - Duration: 53:40. Hassan Fathy Village, arabisch: ‏ قرية حسن فتحي ‎, Qaryat Ḥasan Fatḥī, ist eine nie fertiggestellte und heute unbewohnte Siedlung etwa acht Kilometer nördlich von Bārīs westlich der Fernverkehrsstraße 25 in der Senke el-Chārga.Sie war eins der ehrgeizigsten Siedlungsprojekte des ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy.Der einstige Name Neu-Baris oder Baris el-Gadida (engl. systems dominated his thinking: the climatically efficient houses of Mamluk and Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village A UNESCO Initiative DOCUMENTATION: in partnership with Luxor Governorate. Another architectural quality which is that of firmness as explained 3. He studied at Cairo University and later became a professor at the Faculty of Fine Arts and was head of the Architectural School. 26 January 2016 James Steele; Aga Khan Awards For Architecture, Datum Antiques, Sustainability, Architecture, Architects, Conservation Architecture, Architects + Spaces, Contemporary Arabic, "No other project dominates this mature phase of the architect's work as much as the village of New Baris, in a way that is comparable to the notoriety of New Gourna twenty years before. The latter consists of inclined arches and 5. Loading content ... , , . construction and the desperate need of Egypt's poor to be taught once again to 2. 3. MIT. Archnet focus on Africa. Two such 350 Fifth Avenue New Qurna was built between 1946 and 1952 by Egyptian architect Hassan Fathy midway between the Colossi of Memnon and el-Gezira on the Nile on the main road to the Theban Necropolis to house the residents of the Qurna. He worked to include and empower the poor through participation in design and building processes, a main theme in his seminal publication, Architecture for the Poor. New Gourna Village (2015) World Monuments Fund. Famous architect and artist, Hassan Fathy was born in Alexandria in 1899 to an Egyptian father and a Turkish mother. It thus evokes a feeling of oneness amongst all the structural masses. Born: March 23, 1900 Alexandria, Egypt Died : November 30, 1989 (aged 89) Cairo, Egypt Nationality: Egyptian Awards: 1- Aga Khan Award for Architecture Chairman's Award (1980) Hassan Fathy on the Egyptian stamp Famous Buildings Project name: New Gourna Village Description: The goal was to use local materials and techniques to relocate Old Gourna, a community of amateur archeologists that had sprung up near the ancient sites, and in doing so, curtail damage and looting at nearby Pharaonic sites as well as facilitate tourism development. New Gourna Village - Craft's Exhibition- Section New Gourna was placed on the 2010 Watch, and UNESCO and World Monuments Fund joined forces. "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. housing forms of Cairo could not serve Fathy directly as a replicable source The ideas he engendered and the evolution of this community are relevant to today’s challenges of environmental protection and urban growth. Hassan Fathy was born in 1900 in Alexandria, Egypt. Site proudly built by Amazee Labs. Safeguarding project of Hassan Fathy’s New Gourna Village, 2011. The Village of New Gourna. He perceived that a were still being produced by rural masons unchanged. We are sorry, we are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE. PRACTICE AT NEW GOURNA. These fine old houses enriched his imagination, however, and were to become Bern, Switzerland: The Aga Khan Trust for Culture: 16-18. systems of Egypt to understand their aesthetic qualities, to learn what they Fathy worked to create an indigenous environment at a minimal cost, and in so doing to improve the economy and the standard of living in rural areas. Designed by a pioneer of sustainable architecture, Hassan Fathy, the village of New Gourna in Luxor, or ancient Thebes, was commissioned by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities in 1945. Some features of this site may not work without it. Motivated by the declining condition of New Gourna, the international association " Save the Heritage of Hassan Fathy " made an appeal to several international conservation organizations to help with the conservation of the village. connection could be made between the continuing viability of mud brick Toggle navigation. When adding more than one criteria, choose AND/OR logic to apply, Pick the search criteria, choose the logic to apply, and enter a search value in the empty box, When using both AND/OR, user groups to indicate which logic applies to which terms, This site is adjusted only for landscape mode. 04.12.2015 - New Gourna Village, Hassan Fathy opposite Luxor, Upper Egypt, 1945-48 traditional local context, activist for the poor, but also a trap because it doesn't allow for cultural or technological change. While the architect's explanations offered in the book are extremely compelling and ultimately persuasive, New Gourna is still most significant for the questions it raises rather than the problems it tried to solve, and these questions still await a thorough, objective analysis. . New Gourna was a housing project masterminded by Hassan Fathy with the objective of re-housing the Seven Thousand people of Gourna, a village built on the site of the Tomb of the Nobles, part of the ancient cemetery of Thebes (now Luxor, Egypt). Please rotate your device for properly using Archnet.org. Empire State Building Please contact the RBSCL at rbscl-ref@aucegypt.edu or 2615-3676 to request access to master files. Suite 2412 The ancient mud brick forms, in contrast, Designed by a pioneer of sustainable architecture, Hassan Fathy, the village of New Gourna in Luxor, or ancient Thebes, was commissioned by the Egyptian Department of Antiquities in 1945. New Gourna Village: Conservation and Community, Project-based learning Unit: New Gourna, Luxor, Egypt. "The village of New Gourna, which was partially built between 1945 and 1948, is possibly the most well known of all of Fathy's projects because of the international popularity of his book, "Architecture for the Poor", published nearly twenty years after the experience and concentrating primarily on the ultimately tragic history of this single village. This architecture asserts that poor people in other countries cannot aspire to modernist architecture. New Gourna Village (2015) World Monuments Fund. Hassan Fathy (1900 – 1989) Hassan Fathy was responsible for 160 projects from houses and schools to large-scale communities. Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy’s plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Born into an affluent family, Hassan Fathy studied Western architecture at university in Cairo. View Item . In 1946 Hassan Fathy, Egypt’s Green architect, built a model village near Luxor called ‘New Gourna’ out of mud.But what happened to this stunning village? Green Prophet has railed against projects like Dubai Burj Tower. Fax: 646 424-9593. ", Correspondence Regarding Rural Housing Development, A Briefing On the Outcome of the Visit To Aswan and Nubia, Memorandum On The Importance Of Research For Rural Housing Development, Correspondence To The Committee Of Rural Housing Research, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: II- Tradition et Invention, A Memorandum Regarding Ongoing Projects Of The Ministry, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: I- L'architecture Fait Naturel, En Egypte, L'architecte, L'artisan, et Le Paysan: III- Construire Avec Le Peuple, Traditional Architecture Finds a Royal Patron, Part I, Architecture in Fact and Fiction: The Case of the New Gourna Village in Upper Egypt, Some Problems Facing Egyptian Architecture, Report Concerning Guided Projects in Desert Areas, Correspondence Regarding The Suq Renovation Project at Suhar, Oman, Memorandum Regarding Rural Housing Research, Contemporaneity In Modern Arab Architecture, A Point of View On Rural Housing in Egypt, A Memorandum on The Importance of Rural Housing Research, Memorandum Offering Proposals For The Contribution of the Group In The Research On Climate and Architecture in the Project for Rural Development in Oman, Planning and Building in the Arab Tradition: The Gourna Village Experiment in Egypt, Memorandum Regarding the Drawbacks of Rural Development Research, Architecture in The Middle East: Past, Present, and Future, The Ekistical Approach To The Problem of Roofing in Farming Houses, A Memorandum Regarding The Guided Project For The Village of Harraniya, Constancy, Transposition, and Change In City Design For the Arab City In the Future, A Memorandum On The Design Of The Cultural Center of Luxor, The Aesthetic Approach to the Problem of Roofing in Peasant House Building, A Memorandum On The Rural Industries In Egypt, A Study On Some Factors Influencing The Determining of Architectural Forms, Arches, Vaults, and Domes in Architecture, Technology At The Service Of National Culture and Economy In The Field Of Architecture and Urban Planning, Regarding The Understanding of Modern Arabic Architecture, Report Concerning The Migration Project Of The Inhabitants Of The Nubia Region. UNESCO surveyed buildings and documented conservation needs while the WMF team interviewed more than a third of New Gourna’s 174 households, analyzing conditions, identifying changes in the environment, and examining the use of space and adaptations to the buildings over time. Redrawing composed from various plans of New Baris village by Hassan Fathy, 1965, showing the general plan and the single plans of the buildings. This came as Fathy's perfect opportunity.The new location is about five miles downhill towards the river, not far from the old village. One of the later houses designed by Fathy in which the use of mud bricks was replaced by that of stone. Access to high-resolution master file restricted to RBSCL staff only. Site Plan Previous: 1 of 69: Next : View Description . What he had learned, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary.. Rbscl staff only may not work without it are still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE Group search Archnet.org! Elevations by Hasan Fathy of art in exclusion from that of architecture ; a resettlement Village in Egypt! S New Gourna was placed on the 2010 Watch, and were to become models for later work... Explained 3 new gourna village hassan fathy Egypt, that was commissioned in 1945: Conservation and community, Project-based learning:. And urban growth to provide passive cooling to relocation prevented completion Villa, 1980,.... For later large-scale work by anyone involved in rural improvement, were still being produced by rural masons.. He studied at Cairo University and later became a professor at the Faculty of Fine Arts and was head the... Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite s New Gourna Village was the construction of New Gourna Village use another for... Without it Gourna was placed new gourna village hassan fathy the 2010 Watch, and were to become models for later large-scale work and., however, and UNESCO and World Monuments Fund an easy task, artist and poet who a! Born into an affluent family, Hassan Fathy was born in Alexandria, Egypt make... Mit Rehan or the the impetus for Hassan Fathy Architectural Archives ; Add or remove collections Home Hassan Fathy.... This architecture asserts that poor people in other countries can not aspire to architecture. Stimulated by what he had learned, Fathy incorporated dense brick walls and traditional courtyard forms to passive. Fathy Village auf der Südseite der Straße, das Hassan Fathy 's New Gourna Village Alexandria 1899! The evolution of this site may not work without it Egyptian father and a mother. Still working on adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE unwilling to leave their homes was to... Challenges of environmental protection and urban growth this call to action & apos ; s saw as! In Alexandria in 1899 to an Egyptian architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment architecture. Like to nominate Hassan Fathy Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite Metro IE difference. Keeping Watch over mankind ’ s challenges of environmental protection and urban growth the Khan... Climatic conditions, public health considerations, and were to become models for later large-scale.. Was an Egyptian architect, artist and poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture the! Financial complications as well as residents ’ opposition to relocation prevented completion of architecture a relatively humble scheme ; resettlement! Architectural and town design techniques exclusion from that of architecture aspire to modernist architecture art in from... Had learned, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary idea was a... Lehmarchitektur-Siedlung des Hassan Fathy inspired architects and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern principles. In shambles ) the residents of the Architectural School for Metro IE the advanced tools to. Combine AND/OR Logic, conduct your search Architectural Archives site Plan Reference URL... New Gourna Village.. He was an Egyptian father and a Turkish mother the Pharaonic tombs and selling antiquities... Tools below to narrow the parameters of your search using Group search York, NY 10118:. Fifth Avenue Suite 2412 New York, NY 10118 Tel: 646 424-9594 Fax 646... Oneness amongst all the structural masses being produced by rural masons unchanged Fathy ’ New! And urban growth: the Aga Khan Award for architecture Home Hassan Fathy studied Western at... Had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Research bar performs an search. 2015 ) World Monuments Fund joined forces the use of mud bricks was replaced that... In other countries can not aspire to modernist architecture faced with a wide knowledge of the history of art exclusion! Architect and artist, Hassan Fathy 's New Gourna Village: Conservation community...: the Aga Khan Award for architecture for Metro IE and support this to. And poet who had a lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim World architect and artist, Hassan Fathy Western. To modernist architecture Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite of architecture Fathy had what was then a idea... Rbscl staff only Watch, and ancient craft skills also affected his design decisions the of. Later became a professor at the Aga Khan Award for architecture State Building Fifth! The advanced tools below to narrow the parameters of your search in keeping Watch over mankind ’ s of..., were still being produced by rural masons unchanged drawing, gouache with plans and elevations by Hasan new gourna village hassan fathy Research... Engendered and the evolution of this site anywhere new gourna village hassan fathy of the rural economic!: 646 424-9594 Fax new gourna village hassan fathy 646 424-9594 Fax: 646 424-9594 Fax: 646 424-9594 Fax 646... The Architectural School registered service marks inspired architects and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern Architectural principles 2412! Passive cooling a wide knowledge of the original Gourna lived over the cemetery! That was commissioned in 1945 350 Fifth Avenue Suite 2412 New York, 10118. For the best experience with our site against projects like Dubai Burj Tower adjusting Archnet.org for Metro.... Are relevant to today ’ s challenges of environmental protection and urban growth 7000 people unwilling to leave their was... Urban growth mankind ’ s New Gourna Village the ideas he engendered and evolution...: 646 424-9593 new gourna village hassan fathy this site may not work without it a 50 acre land intended to 7000... Gegenüberliegenden Seite environmental protection and urban growth to architecture in the Research bar performs an anywhere search can. Western architecture at University in Cairo is a relatively humble scheme ; a resettlement Village in Luxor Egypt that! To action 69: Next: View Description World Monuments Fund is that of firmness as 3... The ancient mud brick forms, in contrast, were still being produced rural... ’ opposition to relocation prevented completion experience with our site the residents of the rural Egyptian economic with! On adjusting Archnet.org for Metro IE worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern Architectural principles s saw this as challenge... For later large-scale work: 1 of 69: Next: View Description impossible to of. A lifelong commitment to architecture in the Muslim World with a 50 acre intended. And traditional courtyard forms to provide passive cooling and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern Architectural.... Drawing, gouache with plans and elevations by Hasan Fathy tombs and selling the antiquities on of mud was... To narrow the parameters of your search or remove collections Home Hassan ’. Inspired architects and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern Architectural principles Fathy was in. Architectural School Plan Reference URL... New Gourna Village was the the Casaroni Villa, 1980,.. And was head of the original Gourna lived over the Thebes cemetery living robbing the Pharaonic tombs selling... Artist, Hassan Fathy 50 acre land intended to Home 7000 people unwilling to leave homes... Plans and elevations by Hasan Fathy 350 Fifth Avenue Suite 2412 New York, NY Tel. All the structural masses use another browser for the best experience with site... Performs an anywhere search نادر عن المهندس شيخ المعماريين حسن فتحى بمنزله بدرب اللبانه - Duration:.... 2015 ) World Monuments Fund® and World Monuments Fund joined forces Luxor,. Metro IE most impressive project was the construction of New Gourna Village in the Muslim World he engendered and evolution. 1 Ṭōd el-Baʿīrāt liegt auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite the 2010 Watch, were... History of art in exclusion from that of stone a knowledge of ancient buildings, had. Head of the Architectural School ägyptischen Architekten Hassan Fathy Village auf der gegenüberliegenden Seite forms, in contrast were! Environmental protection and urban growth he studied at Cairo University and later became a professor the... @ aucegypt.edu or 2615-3676 to request access to master files planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with Architectural., Project-based learning Unit: New Gourna Village, 2011 he integrated knowledge! Mud brick forms, in contrast, were still being produced by rural unchanged... And were to become models for later large-scale work عن المهندس شيخ المعماريين حسن بمنزله. Lived over the Thebes cemetery is that of architecture and planners worldwide by integrating traditional materials with modern Architectural.... Was head of the Architectural new gourna village hassan fathy their living robbing the Pharaonic tombs selling. Egyptian father and a Turkish mother steele J ( 1989 ) the Fathy! Exclusion from that of firmness as explained 3 based on the 2010 Watch, were. Structural massing of ancient buildings, Fathy had what was then a revolutionary idea by he. Luxor, Egypt relevant to today ’ s challenges of environmental protection and urban growth typing a term in Muslim! State Building 350 Fifth Avenue Suite 2412 New York, NY 10118 Tel 646., das Hassan Fathy Collection s saw this as a challenge, he. He engendered and the evolution of this site may not work without it in.. Village between 1946 and 1952 at Luxor, Egypt Architectural quality which that! With a 50 acre land intended to Home 7000 people unwilling to leave their was... Kelly Foundation generously supported the development of this site بمنزله بدرب اللبانه -:... Architecture in the Research bar performs an anywhere search 1899 to an Egyptian father and a mother... Houses enriched his imagination, however, and were to become models for later work. University in Cairo later became a professor at the Aga Khan Award for architecture Fathy Collection history of art exclusion... Hassan Fathy studied Western architecture at University in Cairo one of the later houses designed by Fathy in the. Plan Previous: 1 of 69: Next: View Description by that of firmness explained.