Once, the Indus dolphin swam across the Indus River and all of its tributaries, from the Indus delta near the Arabian Sea to the snowcapped Himalaya. Guddu Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. Ans: Rivers have served men in the following ways: “They have served as trade route before the road and railways constructed people on trade by boats and ships”. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. It has gates through which the water passes in a limited quantity. My father told them, Don’t eat the dolphin, because this is an innocent animal, and it’s the beauty of the river.”, Much about the Indus dolphin remains shrouded in mystery, including this: What happens to rescued dolphins once they’re set free in the river? The Guddu Barrage - Chapter Summary - English IX Chapter Summary from "The Guddu Barrage" for class 9th, D(, Ninth Class There are two main problems connected with the rivers. Your email address will not be published. Until hunting was banned in the 1970s, some fishing communities hunted the dolphin for food or for blubber that they mixed with oil to coat their boats. Q.2 What are the benefits of the Guddu barrage? Ans. For fisherman Gul Mohammed Mirbar, the dolphin is a lifelong companion; he was 10 years old when he first saw one. THE GUDDU BARRAGE . Ans. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. (Learn about the difficulties involved in rescuing wild animals.). Nazir Mirani, the son of a fisherman, has worked with Sindh Wildlife for 30 years; he has bite marks on his hands from past rescues. population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. Construction of the barrage was started in 1927 and was commissioned in 1932 with command area of about 8 million acres/3.2 million hectors; about 80% of the agricultural land in Sindh depends on this Sukkur Barrage. … Finally, irrigation and flood control purposes were duly met after guddu barrage. C. Nile River 2. In the legend, when a woman offers butter and milk to a mystic patron of the river, the waters part and she safely crosses to the other side. ), WWF has proposed putting satellite tags on dolphins to track their movements, learn more about their biology, and inform conservation efforts. In general, “the dolphin is a friend of humans,” says Khadim Hussain, a representative of a fishermen advocacy organization in Taunsa, a city in Punjab Province. D. Tigris River. (Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century.). The British supervised the construction of one of the most complex irrigation networks in the world. Mirani is the third generation in his family to help in conserving dolphins, offering the agency advice and knowledge from his years on the water. D: Indus. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. In a secluded pocket of Pakistan’s Lab-e-Mehran park, the smooth waters of the Indus River break into circular ripples, and the head of a pale gray dolphin appears. It was inaugurated by Field Marshal Ayub Khan at that time. Today, the 200-pound cetacean only occupies 20 percent of its original range. A barrage is a kind of wall constructed across the river which has gates. 2021 National Geographic Partners, LLC. Now, they’ve not only cut off … Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - (Pakistan) Map, Weather and Photos. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. C: Chenab. The Bronze Age civilization, which blossomed in the Indus River valley, is known for its urban planning and advanced drainage systems. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? 2. We get benefit from the Guddu Barrage in the following ways: 1. KATIE ARMSTRONG, NG STAFF. Guddu Barrage Guddu barrage was constructed in the regime of Presidentt Sikandar Mirza across Indus River near Sukhur. on Gudu Barrage was constructed on which river? The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals . Fishermen in these provinces tell an origin story for the species. The barrages were built in the mid-20 th century to control flooding and provide irrigation, and in some cases have been repurposed for power plants. It is very useful. Question: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Sutluj River Jehlum River Ravi River Indus River Answer: Guddu Barrage Is Built On Indus River Indus River is the location of guddu barrage. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. Engro, an energy company that works with the thermal power plant connected to Guddu dam, did not respond to requests for comment about the dam’s impacts on the species. Some 110 drains of the Left Bank Outfall Drain are spread in the Sukkur and Kotri barrages with a length of 968 miles. Guddu Barrage is built on the Indus River near Kashmore in the Sindh province of Pakistan. On a sunny afternoon in February, he rows his wooden boat across the river at Lab-e-Mehran park, where he earns money giving boat rides to tourists and park visitors hoping to catch a glimpse of the rare dolphin. (See photos of river dolphins around the world.). “You have to really put in effort [in fishing], or else you can’t catch up with the dolphin. The construction of Guddu Barrage was completed in 1962. Another technology that could help conserve dolphins is planting “pingers” near the openings to canals. 2. Inaugurated by Field Marshal AYUB KHAN. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. When the dolphin hears the sound of fishermen’s engines on their small boats, it approaches and swims with them.” (Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch. “In wildlife conservation, problems arise very suddenly. There are now 1,987 Indus dolphins in Pakistan, according to the most recent WWF survey, up from 132 animals in 1972. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - is a dam (a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water) and has the latitude of 28.4333 and longitude of 69.7333. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river A: Jhelum. The barrage is 1355 m in length and has three main feeder canals. The Sukkur Barrage serves over 20,000 km 2 (7,700 sq mi). Some dolphins can still move through dams if its gates are open—particularly if the animal is young or small—but then they often get trapped in irrigation canals, shallow pools, deep ponds, and sometimes even fields, where they can starve and overheat to death. It irrigates an area of 2.7 million acres. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. The meeting also noted that Sukkur Barrage had completed its lifecycle and its life was currently being enhanced by another 30 years through major repair and overhauling. It blocks the flow of water. After construction of Sukkur barrage in 1932, hilsa migration was limited to Sukkur barrage since it doesn’t have any fish passes. It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. The barrages were built in the mid-20th century to control flooding and provide irrigation, and in some cases have been repurposed for power plants. In 2019, WWF-Pakistan and Sindh Wildlife Department rescued a female Indus River dolphin from Dadu canal, in the Larkana district, and transported her via ambulance back to the river. The total cost of project is estimated at Rs20bn. For rescuers like Mirani, saving the Indus River dolphin is a civic responsibility. B: Satlej. The barrage was constructed at a location where the Indus was meandering and the river width was 11 to 13 km. Guddu Barrage is used to control water flow in the River Indus for irrigation and flood control purposes. The meeting decided that a new barrage needed to built at Sukkur. Q3. … If that happens, he asks, “What will our children see?”, One of world's rarest dolphins rebounding in Pakistan, Photograph courtesy of François Xavier Pelletier, WWF, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/2020/06/rare-indus-dolphins-rebounding-pakistan.html, Explore our beautiful graphic of the Indus River, a lifeline for millions, See photos of river dolphins around the world, Read about dolphins in Brazil who help fishermen make their catch, Read about the first new species of river dolphin found in a century, See videos revealing the power of dams—and dam removal, perhaps the most notable in December 2019, Learn about the difficulties involved in rescuing wild animals, beautiful underwater photos of freshwater animals. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- More than 5000 people worked day and night to put it into operation on February 4, 1962. Question: The purpose of a darn is to control the flow of water in floods and _____ water so that canals can get water for the … a population of 132 in 1972 to 1,987 in 2018. Locally known as bhulan in the Urdu and Sindhi languages, the Indus dolphin “has been in the Indus for thousands of years, and is a mark of the Harappa civilization,” says Mir Akhtar Talpur, a field officer for Sindh Wildlife Department, a government agency. Ans. Two things happened in the beginning of this century’s second half, within ten years of each other: vast reservoirs of natural gas were discovered at Sui (Balochistan) in 1953 to pave the way for development of a gigantic power system in the years to come, and Guddu barrage was constructed across the river Indus by WAPDA in 1963. Sukkur Barrage is one of the most important and strategic structure of the Indus Basin irrigation system. Ans. The barrage was completed in 1962. Fish passes in Kotri barrage were not properly designed to facilitate migration of hilsa. Guddu Barrage: It was constructed between 1956 and 1962 Taunsa Barrage: Its construction began in 1953 Warsak Dam: Its construction began in 1956 Baran Dam: Started in 1950s. Studies have found DDT and other pesticides in the animals’ tissue, according to Uzma Khan, Asia coordinator for WWF’s River Dolphins Initiative. A barrage is a kind of wall. “It’s overwhelming because they’re everywhere.”, At the same time, she says, “it’s a situation which can be challenging, because all these dolphins are just in one stretch of the Indus River.”, between local and international conserva-. 2. Guddu Barrage is located in Kashmore with a length of 4445 feet and 64 gates. “And we need to know, how many dolphins are dying?”. B. Jhelum River SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”. But a dam at the western end of the park restricts their ability to travel freely during the monsoon season, a crucial part of their life cycle. it is 2984 Feet Long and started in 1955 13th March. Answer: D Answer. The Guddu Barrage is built on the river Indus. Guddu barrage is built on the river Indus and it put in to operation on 4 th 1962. It is one of the important barrages of Pakistan. “And it doesn’t pose any harm to fisherfolk. Posts Tagged with… Gudu Barrage, Gudu Barrage was constructed on. The exact location of the river is kashmore in Sindh province. 2. One is how to get water from them all the year round and the other is how to escape from their floods. Rehabilitation & Modernization of Guddu Barrage Social Management Framework Executive Summary Guddu Barrage, located in the district of Kashmore in the north of Sindh Province, was constructed during 1957-1962 and has shown deterioration in the superstructure, weakness of barrage gates and corrosion of head regulator gates. The sonar is so advanced that it can sense the difference between a dead or living fish. “Every rescued animal needs to be tagged,” Uzma Khan says. Discovery of Natural Gas and construction of barrage across Indus River has transformed Guddu, Sindh, Pakistan into a modern town. In 1932, when the Sukkur Barrage constructed, 2,000,000 acres of Sindh’s land was allotted to the outsiders while before that in 1899 when the Jamrao Canal was being built, 150,000 acres of … The animal lingers briefly before diving back into the water, its dorsal fin gleaming in the sun. (Explore our beautiful graphic of the Indus River, a lifeline for millions.). People rescue two Indus river dolphins in the Kirthar Canal, near Sukkur. It is connected to almost 6166-mile long canal network to irrigate almost 5 million acres of agricultural land. Q3. Ans. Discussion Form. Q4. SOURCE: BRAULIK AND OTHERS, “HABITAT FRAGMENTATION AND SPECIES EXTIRPATION IN, FRESHWATER ECOSYSTEMS; CAUSES OF RANGE DECLINE OF, THE INDUS RIVER DOLPHIN (PLATANISTA GANGETICA MINOR),”, Throughout the 20th century, the widespread construction of diversion dams, called barrages fragmented the range of the Indus River dolphin. “In the past, some people used to eat the dolphin. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? He remembers the gharial, a crocodile that once lived in the Indus but is now locally extinct..He doesn’t want the dolphin to suffer the same fate. The Guddu Barrage Command area of the Ghotki Feeder has five drains with a length of 4,970 miles and the under-construction Right Bank Outfall Drain-II has a length of 170 miles. “For generations, we’ve been living near the river and sailing in boats. The Indus River dolphin is one of just two species known to lie on its side and flap its tail, a behavior called side-swimming. Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Q.4 What are the benefits of Guddu Barrage? Beyond dams, water pollution and industrial waste dumped into the Indus pose the gravest long-term threat to the dolphins. Required fields are marked *. For one, these marine mammals are very sensitive to loud noises and human presence, and can suffer from health problems such as high blood pressure when being evacuated. “If you go downstream from the Guddu [barrage], and you keep sailing, there comes a point where you see dolphins everywhere around you,” Khan says. Sukkur Barrage is one of the most important and strategic structure of the Indus Basin irrigation system. All rights reserved. What the rescuers lack in resources, they make up for in dedication. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. A. River Ravi B. River Indus C. River Jheulum D. River Sutlej. Collaboration, between local and international conservation groups brought the species from. Before Ayub: Balloki-Sulemanki Link Canal was established during 1951-54 to deliver water from Ravi to Sutlej Guddu barrage was constructed in.... A. Submitted By: Ahmed. With the feasibility report now finalised, Guddu barrage’s rehabilitation will start with the bid award for construction. It consists of 64 gates (with 18.3 m or 60 ft span) and a navigation gate (with 15.2 m or 50 ft span). Your email address will not be published. Guddu Barrage (Guddubarrage) - is a dam (a barrier constructed across a stream to impound water) and has the latitude of 28.4333 and longitude of 69.7333. It control the flow of water in the flood season and in this way life and property can be protected from floods. Sukkur Barrage (Sindhi: سکر بئراج ‎, Urdu: سکھر بیراج ‎) is a barrage on the River Indus near the city of Sukkur in the Sindh province of Pakistan.The barrage was built during the British Raj from 1923 to 1932 and was named Lloyd Barrage.The Sukkur Barrage, is the pride of Pakistan's irrigation system as it is the largest single irrigation network of its kind in the world. President Iskander Mirza laid foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage on February 2, 1957. The answer to them is a barrage. Its colors—brown, a range of grays, or rarely, a dusky pink—help the animal blend into the sediment-laden river. 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