The provincial education departments need to work out financial resources required for realising the compliance of Article 25-A. Hence the mind-set of sending one’s children to university only for becoming officers and managers needs to be changed. The schools in Baluchistan (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (The Largest Province Of Pakistan By Population). As a result teachers are not regular and their time at school is not as productive as it would be with a well-trained teacher. This first digital system in the education sector in Pakistan allows transparent and effective monitoring of staff, students and school infrastructure. Government as well as non-government sector should work together to promote education in rural areas. Problems Of Primary Education In Pakistan And Their Solutions. While enrollment and retention rates are improving, progress has been slow to improve education indicators in Pakistan. Moreover, social evils, far off distance, child … Main problems in education of pakistan,is lack of quality schools,syllabus,salaries of teachers are very low which does not attract the top minds in the country to join this profession Furthermore most of the poor people find it hard to survive,so their children are forced to earn a meagre earning,instead of studying.Furthermore the quality of public education is very poor,we have … Similarly, to make the youth of the country an asset, attention should also be paid to vocational and technical training. Education remains a subject which is paid least attention in the whole South Asian region. Founded in 1999, IPRI is housed at the National Security Division (NSD), Government of Pakistan. <> Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, 1973 – Article 37-b“The State shall remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period” 7. There is a stark disparity between male and female literacy rates. Following the primary education from ages 5 to 9 is the 3-year Middle School (sixth to eighth grades for children ages 10 to 12), a 2-year secondary school (ninth and tenth grades culminating in "matriculation") and higher secondary or "intermediate"—eleventh and twelfth grades). Due to the problems in education system of Pakistan, the country is lagging behind in achieving its MDGs of education. The number of technical and vocational training institutes is not sufficient and many are deprived of infrastructure, teachers and tools for training. Economic Survey of Pakistan confirms that during the year 2013-14 literacy remained much higher in urban areas than in rural areas and higher among males. It is because of this that the quality of teaching suffers and even more so when low investments are made in teachers’ training. (ii)                Re-introduce the technical and vocational stream in the last two years of secondary schools. In your interview you may be asked to create a presentation on current issues in education or asked a question around current issues in schools and in the media. Founded in 1999, IPRI is housed at the National Security Division (NSD), Government of Pakistan. You may have a question around recent education trends, current issues or new methodologies in education. 2)      Social constraints: It is important to realize that the problems which hinder the provision of education are not just due to issues of management by government but some of them are deeply rooted in the social and cultural orientation of the people. Pakistan is amongst those countries which are going through many problems of education. 1) Different committees and commissions before and after independence have mentioned various aims of secondary education. From grade 9 to five education system is called secondary school education. The second approach is to get education for the sake of personal development and learning. }� c�̣/&K��g�Ɵ�pR�)N�ߐq)كU��U8&2�/[���P^Ĺ�g'��?�����1p}y�3'�.�)���E��_1d. The reforms required in the education system of Pakistan cannot be done by the government alone, public-private participation and a mix of formal as well as non-formal education can pull out majority of country’s population from illiteracy. The following findings highlights causes that are responsible for the current issues in female secondary education: 1. stream In the following, I discuss some of my thoughts on the issues in Higher Education (HE) and universities in Pakistan that I learned in the course of my career in higher education. Providing economic incentives to the students may encourage the parents to send their children to school and may help in reducing the dropout ratio. The expected average for years of schooling in 2010 was 10.6 years but the actual average of schooling remained 4.7 for all South Asian countries. endobj Though 62 years have been passed and 23 policies and action plans have been introduced yet the educational sector is waiting for … Maliha Naveed, Reasons of Low Levels of Education in Pakistan, Pakistan Herald, January 03, 2013 (available at: http://www.pakistanherald.com/articles/reasons-of-low-levels-of-education-in-pakistan-3065). There is a plethora of problems associated with the country, but perhaps one of the most important ones is the Education sector. This may have to contribute not as much as other factors, but this remains an important factor. This approach is followed by affluent and economically stable people who send their children to private schools and abroad for education. Monitoring System brings together technology and a robust accountability mechanism to address long-standing governance issues in education,” says Fazlullah Pechuho, Former Secretary Education and Literacy … In Pakistan, educational system doesn’t meet the international … Technical education should be made a part of secondary education. Vision 2030 of Planning Commission of Pakistan looks for an academic environment which promotes the thinking mind. “Pakistan may miss EFA goals by 2015-16: Report,” Daily Nation, October, 3, 2014. In Sindh literacy rate in male was 72% and female 47%, in KPK male 70% and females 35%, while in Balochistan male 62% and female 23%. 3)      Gender gap: Major factors that hinder enrolment rates of girls include poverty, cultural constraints, illiteracy of parents and parental concerns about safety and mobility of their daughters. Good and effective teaching is an achievable art, but hard work, patience and struggle is needed for it. Problems: The issues lead to the comprehension of the problems which are faced in the development of education system and promotion of literacy. For any system to work it is imperative that relevant structures are developed. This article throws light upon the top twenty-five problems of secondary education with its possible solutions. IPRI is one of the oldest non-partisan think-tanks on all facets of. There are various challenges that include expertise, institutional and capacity issues, forging national cohesion, uniform standards for textbook development, and quality assurance. From 13 to 16 year formally known as university education and categorically as tertiary education level .In tertiary education level students are thought in subjects of personal interests. Financing (World Bank Study 2010) A common problem faced by many low income countries is low <> After end of each of the school years, students are required to pass a national examination administered by a regional Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (or BISE). Special grants can be provided to the provinces where the literacy rate is low. But secondary educational institutions in practice do not try to materialise those aims. Some accounts, including official reports, include the post-primary Middle … Society’s emphasis on girl’s modesty, protection and early marriages may limit family’s willingness to send them to school. The militants targeted schools and students; several educational institutions were blown up, teachers and students were killed in Balochistan, KPK and FATA. In local government system the funds for education would be spent on a need basis by the locality. The study outlines seven major problems such as: 1)      Lack of Proper Planning: Pakistan is a signatory to MDGs and EFA goals. May 23, 2018. We have also collected some valuable suggestions on how to improve the education system of Pakistan from well-known personalities as well as from teachers and students from different areas, … ... Education System in Pakistan Issues and Problems: Despite the introduction and implementation of around two dozen policies and plans, the education system … The system of education includes all institutions that are involved in delivering formal education (public and private, for-profit and nonprofit, onsite or virtual instruction) and their faculties, students, physical infrastructure, resources and rules. Therefore, technical education needs priority handling by the government. endobj Education related statistics coupled with Pakistan’s progress regarding education targets set in Vision 2030 and Pakistan’s lagging behind in achieving EFA targets and its Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) for education call for an analysis of the education system of Pakistan and to look into the issues and problems it is facing so that workable solutions could be recommended. The goal of this study is to develop awareness about the environment issues and problems, and try to find out their solution by effective planning of environmental education. These include defective curricula, dual medium of instruction at secondary level, poor quality of teachers, cheating in the examinations and overcrowded classrooms (Economic Survey of Pakistan, 2002).In Pakistan efforts have been made to mould the curriculum in accordance with our ideological, moral and cultural values as well as our national requirements … The first and one of the worse issue in Pakistani educational system is the difference of class (rich and poor). The year 2015 is important in the context that it marks the deadline for the participants of Dakar declaration (Education For All [EFA] commitment) including Pakistan. The problem arises when non-affluent families send their children to private schools, and universities. Pakistan is among those developing countries where people are mostly deprived of good quality education. Efforts should be made to ensure that proper education is provided in those schools. After the 18. Curriculum iii. Inside schools there are challenges which include shortage of teachers, teacher absenteeism, missing basic facilities and lack of friendly environment. 4)      Cost of education: The economic cost is higher in private schools, but these are located in richer settlements only. Considering the gigantic problems of education in Pakistan, the researcher selected this topic for research Quality and Relevance iv. Discussing educational issues in your teaching interview. It is mandated in the Constitution of Pakistan to provide free and compulsory education to all children between the ages of 5-16 years and enhance adult literacy. Even the Planning |Commission of Pakistan, who constitute nation’s future. 76, January 2014 (Institute for the Study of Labor, 2014), P 4. Economic Survey of Pakistan 2014, Ministry of Finance, Government of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan serve a huge part of GDP on education but it is less than the required. This aspiration for sending children for higher education is wrong, because the country does not need managers and officers only. An analysis of the issues and problems suggest that: The official data shows the allocation of funds for educational projects but there is no mechanism which ensures the proper expenditure of those funds on education. Students’ academic gains are not the only criterion to judge the quality of education. %PDF-1.5 Special policy planning units should be established in provinces’ education departments for implementation of educational policies and formulation of new policies whenever needed. (iii)             Gradually increase vocational and technical education numbers to 25-30% of all secondary enrolment by 2015 and 50 per cent by 2030. Pakistan is faced with a multitude of challenges in the education sector. 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